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Voters In Colorado and Washington Make History: Vote To Repeal Cannabis Prohibition

  • by Paul Armentano, NORML Deputy Director November 7, 2012

    Voters in Colorado and Washington on Election Day in favor of ballot measures that remove criminal and civil penalties for the adult possession of cannabis. The votes mark the first time ever that voters have decided at the ballot box to abolish cannabis prohibition.

    In Colorado, 55 percent of voters decided in favor of Amendment 64, which allows for the legal possession of up to one ounce of marijuana and/or the cultivation of up to six cannabis plants by those persons age 21 and over. Longer-term, the measure seeks to establish regulations governing the commercial production and distribution of marijuana by licensed retailers. Initial returns show the measure passing with 54 percent support.

    In Washington, approximately 55 percent of voters decided in favor of I-502, which regulates the production and sale of limited amounts of marijuana for adults. The measure also removes criminal penalties specific to the adult possession of up to one ounce of cannabis for personal use. Initial returns indicate that 55 percent of voters backed the measure.

    State lawmakers in Colorado initially prohibited the possession of cannabis in 1917. Washington lawmakers initially outlawed the plant in 1923.

    Commenting on the historic votes, NORML Deputy Director Paul Armentano said: “Amendment 64 and Initiative 502 provide adult cannabis consumers with unprecedented legal protections. Until now, no state law has defined cannabis as a legal commodity. Some state laws do provide for a legal exception that allows for certain qualified patients to possess specific amounts of cannabis as needed. But, until today, no state in modern history has classified cannabis itself as a legal product that may be lawfully possessed and consumed by adults.”

    Armentano continued: “The passage of these measures strikes significant blow to federal cannabis prohibition. Like alcohol prohibition before it, marijuana prohibition is a failed federal policy that delegates the burden of enforcement to the state and local police. Alcohol prohibition fell when a sufficient number of states enacted legislation repealing the state’s alcohol prohibition laws. With state police and prosecutors no longer engaging in the federal government’s bidding to enforce an unpopular law, the federal government had little choice but to abandon the policy altogether. Today, history begins to repeat itself.”

    Separate marijuana law reform measures proved to be equally popular among voters. In Massachusetts, 63 percent of voters approved Question 3, which eliminates statewide criminal and civil penalties related to the possession and use of up to a 60-day supply of cannabis by qualified patients. It also requires the state to create and regulate up to 35 facilities to produce and dispense cannabis to approved patients. Massachusetts is the 18th state since 1996 to authorize the physician-recommended use of cannabis.

    In Michigan, an estimated 65 percent of Detroit voters approved Measure M, which removes criminal penalties pertaining to the possession on private property of up to one ounce of marijuana by adults over age 21.

    A statewide ballot measure to legalize the therapeutic use of cannabis in Arkansas appears to have narrowly failed by a vote of 49 percent to 51 percent. In Montana, a referendum that sought to ease legislative restrictions on the state’s medical marijuana law also failed. Oregon’s Measure 80, which sought to allow for the state-licensed production and retail sale of cannabis to adults, garnered only 45 percent of the popular vote.

    The ballot measures in Colorado and Washington will take effect once the vote totals have been formally ratified, a process that typically takes up to 30 days.

    NORML will provide additional updates on various other local measures throughout the day. Stay tuned to the NORML blog for more information.

    112 Responses to “Voters In Colorado and Washington Make History: Vote To Repeal Cannabis Prohibition”

    1. I live in fl have chronic hep c and really need medical use . But here in the south i wonder if it will ever happen ? Times are changing and im two old to fool with the grow room thing i loved in my twentys my nerves cant take worrying about the law anymore i would love to see change come to my home state soon im so tired of having to get my herb from ” drug dealers” i cant tell u how bad i feel having to give my hard earned money over to guys who sell crack cocain and other real drugs because my medicin is illegal i hope and pray for change and i know right from wrong legalization is the right choice only then will this country truly control its real drug problems. Sincerly matter in destin fl.

    2. Having read this I believed it was rather enlightening.

      I appreciate you spending some time and effort to put this information together.
      I once again find myself spending way too much
      time both reading and leaving comments. But so what,
      it was still worth it!

    3. PMan says:

      So Im a Wa resident. Guess what.. Here’s how the law plays out. You “can” recreationally use.. But employers will still slam you for drug tests… And still treat it as an illegal substance despite the law. Also.. Your not allowed to purchase it. Which.. Unless you guys have a magic wish ring.. Or find a huge sack while walking down the street certainly is a road block.

      So.. Here’s wa’s law. You can smoke it as long as your ok with being fired from you job.. And as long as you don’t get any smoke. You have to just look down at your arm and say… “Hey wow.. How’d that joint get there.. Guess Ill take a hit”. Then… YOu get fired from your job when they piss test you.

      Is it just me… Or did Wa just get totally ripped off. To me.. This is a cop-out law aimed mostly at having to spare the cops from busting people at huge venues like concerts.

      So if your ok with no job, and marijuana magically materializing sense you can’t buy it… You can smoke it.

      Crock of shit!!!!

      And here’s another thing… Outlaw piss testing marijuana in the work place if the state you live in has “legalized” it. I shouldn’t have to get fired from my job because I smoked a joint. And frankly to me, sense I have a good job, it’s worse then being arrested.

      [Editor’s note: Legalization is better than prohibition, warts and all. Period. BTW, even in WA, and numerous other medical cannabis states, patients are NOT exempt from drug testing laws either.

      Undoubtedly, as cannabis becomes more and more legal, in more in more states, drug testing laws/practices for cannabis will abate.

      However, even if a product is legal, like tobacco, more and more employers test for it. Will cannabis be treated differently?

      No doubt that new legislation has to be introduced in states to create legal protections re testing and ‘drug’ use outside of the workplace.

      While cannabis consumers in WA (and CO) can’t yet legally buy the herb in a retail shop, both states are on their projected targets of first of the year access of legal cannabis for adults.

      Lastly, the economic and moral benefits of legalization were immediately realized less than two weeks after the November elections when both states ceased arresting thousands of cannabis consumers monthly and with the prosecutions of hundreds more charged with cannabis crimes. Hundreds have also been let out of jail or prison post these historically important votes.]

    4. […] in 2012 had previously approved a statewide ballot measure authorizing the establishment of state-licensed marijuana producers and […]

    5. Nowayjose says:

      I agree. If employers were testing for previous alcohol consumption and terminating those who drank. The laws regarding testing would certainly be different. The tax revenue generated from legalized marijuana won’t be realized if our civil rights are authorized for violation. The argument that’s been used was to combat illegal drug use. With marijuana not being illegal it now becomes obvious to more Americans(WA,CO)that drug testing for legal substances is wrong. Now people are saying. What the heck gives someone the authority to violate my rights. Like we’re property.

    6. Mike says:

      Look up the United for Care petition sponsored by Morgan and Morgan. It just happened last week. Now we just need to vote come Nov. 4th!

    7. Gina Minton says:

      It is surely a failed policy to prohibit cannabis. We should rather focus on prohibiting the abuse of it.

    8. Greg A says:

      1st off I’m a former 7+yr vet of the Army and current reservist. I was also a LAPD motor officer for 6yrs during which I attended college. I now currently work for a 3 letter Fed Le agency as Fed Leo. With that said ever since I was a civilian Police officer and even on as a Fed Leo.

      Me and the majority of my colleagues both civil and federal actually hated this so-called law, it’s exactly as the days of Al Capone and Elliot Ness. Its a stupid and useless law that is 100% political and not due to toxicity or similar reasons. Its big Pharma nothing more.

      Alcohol and Tobacco are a thousand time more toxic and booze kills more people the world over than any other substance. Its more addictive and again much more toxic and more importantly Alcohol kills innocent people by car, boat or just by being drunk aka fights etc.

      It also wastes millions if not billions of dollars that could otherwise be used to counter or battle more dangerous drugs like meth or crack. Its wastes so much resources for us in LE that’s its not even funny. Its time to get rid of this useless law once and for all so we can fight real crime.

      Regarding abuse? Well my who is a 20+yr Cardiologist Surgeon has said it would be no different that chocolate. Remember Marijuana is to 99% of people NONE addictive and its why most arrests or serious crimes are selling and or dealing it NOT using it.

      The ONLY reason why we have crime cause of pot is prohibition nothing more. This similar to concealed carry permits (guns) like in TX the opponents like always cry wolf like oh the streets will be like the OK corral or people will be shooting each other for the smallest arguments etc etc etc. But decades later NONE of that has happened.

      The same types also said this of pot that oh all people will become potheads. That is pure lies and ignorance. Ive been in Le over 20yrs and any fool can get pot. This is fact if one does not smoke or take it legal or not for whatever? They won’t even if it was made legal and whoever made up that BS is a moron. I don’t drink or smoke. Its ludicrous if you don’t like pot hell you won’t just start up for any reason. Total idiocy.

      Lastly yes this law will fall soon as our and most other federal agency’s are out of resources for it. So much money lost and nothing to show. I’m glad those states who have and will have it legalized. They should be proud to have started the historical snowball that will crush this stupid law once and for all.

      Again as a Fed Leo I’d love to watch all these Pot kings, dealers and suppliers fall to powerless nobody’s and will be happy to have all our states having some income to cover all of Obama’s destruction to our country. Keep it up people you too NORML. LE is behind you as well. We’re also with the 2nd amendment as well.

      Vote everyone and make your local and federal politicians hear your voices loud and clear.
      Stay safe everyone!

    9. Greg A says:

      I meant my wife is a MD sorry I use voice as I hate typing and got a cold. So again pardon the typos as I have not fined tuned it yet. Oh yes my wife who is again is a Cardiologist suggests if you do use it do NOT smoke it the carcinogens are the same as smoking cigarettes etc. So use a vaporizer. But only if its legal in your area as trust me you do not want jail time and a huge fine for non DE-criminalized states. Even with the just a ticket states will cost you a pretty penny so if you do use this do it at home and only indoors. Its not worth it to get caught over this trust me. As I was a LAPD officer and the job is stressful as is and we hate useless laws like this that have killed fellow officers and now as a Fed leo, fellow agents. For a freaking weed. Sigh..We have booze,meth,crack,coke,heroin and hundreds of other very dangerous substances and we’re wasting our time with Pot it is so frustrating and as it is now also very dangerous to us in Le. My Dr wife also agrees that this little plant has so much benefits some yet to be unlocked. But its big Pharma we are battling but they will lose its inevitable now. About freaking time. Pardon the rant.

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