• by Allen St. Pierre, Former NORML Executive Director May 14, 2009

    by Gary Fields, (Source:Wall Street Journal)

    14 May 2009
    Kerlikowske Says Analogy Is Counterproductive; Shift Aligns With Administration Preference for Treatment Over Incarceration

    WASHINGTON — The Obama administration’s new drug czar says he wants to banish the idea that the U.S.  is fighting “a war on drugs,” a move that would underscore a shift favoring treatment over incarceration in trying to reduce illicit drug use.

    In his first interview since being confirmed to head the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, Gil Kerlikowske said Wednesday the bellicose analogy was a barrier to dealing with the nation’s drug issues.

    “Regardless of how you try to explain to people it’s a ‘war on drugs’ or a ‘war on a product,’ people see a war as a war on them,” he said.  “We’re not at war with people in this country.”

    View Full Image Gil Kerlikowske, the new White House drug czar, signaled Wednesday his openness to rethinking the government’s approach to fighting drug use.

    Mr.  Kerlikowske’s comments are a signal that the Obama administration is set to follow a more moderate — and likely more controversial — stance on the nation’s drug problems.  Prior administrations talked about pushing treatment and reducing demand while continuing to focus primarily on a tough criminal-justice approach.

    The Obama administration is likely to deal with drugs as a matter of public health rather than criminal justice alone, with treatment’s role growing relative to incarceration, Mr.  Kerlikowske said.

    Already, the administration has called for an end to the disparity in how crimes involving crack cocaine and powder cocaine are dealt with.  Critics of the law say it unfairly targeted African-American communities, where crack is more prevalent.

    The administration also said federal authorities would no longer raid medical-marijuana dispensaries in the 13 states where voters have made medical marijuana legal.  Agents had previously done so under federal law, which doesn’t provide for any exceptions to its marijuana prohibition.

    During the presidential campaign, President Barack Obama also talked about ending the federal ban on funding for needle-exchange programs, which are used to stem the spread of HIV among intravenous-drug users.

    The drug czar doesn’t have the power to enforce any of these changes himself, but Mr.  Kerlikowske plans to work with Congress and other agencies to alter current policies.  He said he hasn’t yet focused on U.S.  policy toward fighting drug-related crime in other countries.

    Mr.  Kerlikowske was most recently the police chief in Seattle, a city known for experimenting with drug programs.  In 2003, voters there passed an initiative making the enforcement of simple marijuana violations a low priority.  The city has long had a needle-exchange program and hosts Hempfest, which draws tens of thousands of hemp and marijuana advocates.

    Seattle currently is considering setting up a project that would divert drug defendants to treatment programs.

    Mr.  Kerlikowske said he opposed the city’s 2003 initiative on police priorities.  His officers, however, say drug enforcement — especially for pot crimes — took a back seat, according to Sgt.  Richard O’Neill, president of the Seattle Police Officers Guild.  One result was an open-air drug market in the downtown business district, Mr.  O’Neill said.

    “The average rank-and-file officer is saying, ‘He can’t control two blocks of Seattle, how is he going to control the nation?’ ” Mr.  O’Neill said.

    Sen.  Tom Coburn, the lone senator to vote against Mr.  Kerlikowske, was concerned about the permissive attitude toward marijuana enforcement, a spokesman for the conservative Oklahoma Republican said.  [drug war]

    Others said they are pleased by the way Seattle police balanced the available options.  “I think he believes there is a place for using the criminal sanctions to address the drug-abuse problem, but he’s more open to giving a hard look to solutions that look at the demand side of the equation,” said Alison Holcomb, drug-policy director with the Washington state American Civil Liberties Union.

    Mr.  Kerlikowske said the issue was one of limited police resources, adding that he doesn’t support efforts to legalize drugs.  He also said he supports needle-exchange programs, calling them “part of a complete public-health model for dealing with addiction.”

    Mr.  Kerlikowske’s career began in St.  Petersburg, Fla.  He recalled one incident as a Florida undercover officer during the 1970s that spurred his thinking that arrests alone wouldn’t fix matters.

    “While we were sitting there, the guy we’re buying from is smoking pot and his toddler comes over and he blows smoke in the toddler’s face,” Mr.  Kerlikowske said.  “You go home at night, and you think of your own kids and your own family and you realize” the depth of the problem.

    Since then, he has run four police departments, as well as the Justice Department’s Office of Community Policing during the Clinton administration.

    Ethan Nadelmann of the Drug Policy Alliance, a group that supports legalization of medical marijuana, said he is “cautiously optimistic” about Mr.  Kerlikowske.  “The analogy we have is this is like turning around an ocean liner,” he said.  “What’s important is the damn thing is beginning to turn.”

    James Pasco, executive director of the Fraternal Order of Police, the nation’s largest law-enforcement labor organization, said that while he holds Mr.  Kerlikowske in high regard, police officers are wary.

    “While I don’t necessarily disagree with Gil’s focus on treatment and demand reduction, I don’t want to see it at the expense of law enforcement.  People need to understand that when they violate the law there are consequences.”


    1. William says:

      The biggest problem with the war on drugs is that it’s a war. When you fight a war, you have to dehumanize your opponent. That’s exactly what they’re doing to their own citizens.

      I’m tired…

    2. VocalCitizen says:

      While this assertion by the new Drug War Czar sounds promising, this only affirms the Obama administration’s intention to allow more non-violent arrests, forcing people into “drug court”. Hence, higher “marijuana addicts signing up for treatment”. These numbers will only serve to help anti-legalization supporters.

    3. Tom says:

      This just keeps getting better and better!

      Ok, I’ll bet anyone anywhere pot will be legalized SOMEwhere in the USA within 3 years.

    4. Ga Sunshine says:

      Living only 50 miles from the largest Meth/Ice bust in America, I would ask the Police here: “How do you think the “War on Drugs” is working. I agree with the new Drug Czar. There is a better way. Drug abuse should be a public health issue not a criminal law enforcement issue. How do we get started in Georgia. Please give comments on where I should start….Thanks so much for all you are doing Norml..

    5. Tony says:

      Right now I think it would be great if we could just get pot decriminalized!!

    6. Ben Pittman says:

      Nice, it is most definitely an exciting time to be living in. Great Article Allen. Nice Verbal Beat down to Kevin Sabet the other night, You’d think they’d get some new material. Oh yeah THERE IS NONE! I love Herb.

    7. Paul says:

      w00t to be first post

      Keep it in the media! Gotta have a rational conversation first.

    8. Sean says:

      That’s nice.

    9. cory g says:

      What a great story to wake up to!!!!

    10. Freedom Lover says:

      “James Pasco, executive director of the Fraternal Order of Police, the nation’s largest law-enforcement labor organization, said that while he holds Mr. Kerlikowske in high regard, police officers are wary.

      “While I don’t necessarily disagree with Gil’s focus on treatment and demand reduction, I don’t want to see it at the expense of law enforcement. People need to understand that when they violate the law there are consequences.”
      -When you read this quote, what conclusion can you come to other than law enforcement fears a reduction in their jobs and funding and could give a damn about the consequences of their enforcement of prohibitionist policies. The law enforcement bureaucracy needs to shrink as they are apparently so large they have nothing better to do but lobby to keep their ranks fully filled and protect their budgets. The “drug war” is an assault on our rights disguised as public safety.