Gov’t hypes drugged driving threat, calls for zero tolerance DUID laws nationwide

  • by Russ Belville, NORML Outreach Coordinator November 30, 2010

    The little red police cars show you the zero-tolerance states. If there is a time next to it, like 24h, that's the mandatory jail time you serve immediately.

    Today the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration posted a press release entitled “Drug Use Among Fatally Injured Drivers Increased Over the Last Five Years“.  The release summarizes the full report that examines the the drug test results of drivers who had been killed in automobile crashes.  While the report itself is objective and offers many caveats about reading it as an indictment of drug-using drivers as serious safety risk, the mainstream media hasn’t been as “fair and balanced” and the Drug Czar has jumped on the release to forward his agenda.

    The headline from the Associated Press reads: “Gov’t: Drugs were in 1 in 5 drivers killed in 2009“.  The lede for the story is:

    About 1 in 5 drivers who were killed last year in car crashes tested positive for drugs, raising concerns about the impact of drugs on auto safety, the government reported Tuesday.

    Other outlets like USA Today give it a more chilling headline: “U.S.: Third of tests on motorists killed shows drug use“.  The discrepancy results from the AP considering all drivers who were killed when not every driver killed was drug tested.  The USA Today considers the “tests on motorists killed”, thereby discounting the 37% of killed drivers who were never drug tested.  Whatever – 20% of all drivers or 33% of all drivers tested – they’re dead, they drove, there’s drugs, be afraid!

    The AP then follows with a second paragraph that points out the obvious logical fallacy of “correlation = causation” – just because dead drivers had drugs in their system doesn’t mean drugs caused the accident that killed them – something the USA Today article never addresses:

    Researchers with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration said the new data underscored a growing problem of people driving with drugs in their systems. But they cautioned that it was not clear that drugs caused the crashes and more research was needed to determine how certain drugs can hinder a person’s ability to drive safely.

    However, while AP doesn’t get around to distinguishing what exactly “drugs” refers to until paragraph seven, USA Today opens by explaining we’re talking about all drugs, prescription and recreational:

    One-third of all the drug tests done on drivers killed in motor vehicle accidents came back positive for drugs ranging from hallucinogens to prescription pain killers last year — a 5 percentage point increase since 2005, the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration reported Tuesday.

    Nobody recommends driving while impaired by drugs – legal or illegal.  NORML has maintained this as a core Principle of Responsible Use for years.  But there are many legal prescription drugs that will cause impairment that bear the warning “Until you know how you may be affected by this drug, do not drive or operate heavy machinery,” which suggests to me that once you do know how it affects you, it’s your judgment call.  In fact, one of those drugs is prescription dronabinol, the synthetic cannabinoid THC marketed as “Marinol”.

    AP’s seventh paragraph also points out that presence of a drug in your system may have no bearing on whether that drug was impairing you in the first place:

    The tests took into account both legal and illegal drugs, including heroin, methadone, morphine, cocaine, methamphetamine, marijuana, LSD, prescription drugs and inhalants. The amount of time the drug could linger in the body varied by drug type, the researchers said, so it was unclear when the drivers had used the drugs prior to the fatal crashes.

    Cannabis metabolites can be detectable in urine for weeks and THC itself can be detected blood for at least six hours.  Most illegal drugs can be detected for a few days in urine and a few hours in blood.  Prescription drugs are just as varied.  So we’ve got 20% or 33% of killed drivers who had a drug in their system that may or may not have contributed to the crash that killed them and they may or may not have taken that drug before driving.

    For comparison’s sake, USA Today links to the stat that drowsiness was a factor in 17% of all fatal crashes.  You just may be more likely to die in a crash caused by lack of a nap as by taking the pill to get a good night’s sleep.  Are you scared yet?  Well, you should be, because the whole point of scaring you about the drugged drivers is the push for nationwide zero-tolerance DUID laws.  Back to the USA Today:

    Gil Kerlikowske, director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, called the numbers of fatalities involving drugs “alarmingly high,” and called for more states to pass laws making it a crime to have illegal drugs in the body while driving, no matter how much. Seventeen states already have such laws.

    The lack of research also presents a problem for lawmakers to develop laws. They can outlaw the use of all illegal drugs while driving, but what about someone who took a prescription sleeping pill a few hours ago?

    Since they can outlaw the illegal drugs and there is no political cost in doing so, they will.  These “zero tolerance” laws means if they detect any metabolite of any illegal drug, you are guilty of driving impaired.  Since that joint you smoked could be detectable long after its effects had worn off, you’d be an impaired driver in the eyes of the law even if you were completely sober and unimpaired.  Since marijuana is detectable for much longer periods than most any other drug, legal or illegal, “zero tolerance” laws amount to witch hunts for cannabis consumers behind the wheel.

    The irony here is that compared to the threat from drinking drivers, drowsy drivers, texting drivers, and prescription drugged drivers, the threat from drivers using cannabis is negligible.  Just last week we took a look at a study in the Netherlands that showed that experienced users can develop a tolerance to the psychomotor impairing effects of cannabis.  This summer we examined a study performed in Iowa and Connecticut that showed cannabis-using drivers performed as well on a driving simulator after smoking marijuana as they did before smoking marijuana.  (If you’d like the full examination of marijuana and driving, please see Paul Armentano’s impeccable white paper, Cannabis and Driving: A Scientific and Rational Review.)

    As for the prescription drugs, there isn’t much political benefit in threatening a majority of your constituents, especially the older ones who do most of the voting, with a DUI charge for the pills the doctor required them to take every day.  Also consider the lobbying money and clout of Big Pharma that won’t look kindly on strict new driving laws that might cause people to use less pills.

    No, the per se limit on prescription drugs isn’t coming to your state anytime soon… but maybe the end of driving privileges for cannabis consumers in your state is.  The seventeen states with current per se DUID laws are:

    • Arizona (except for medical marijuana patients), Utah, South Dakota, Illinois, Indiana, Delaware, and Georgia already have these zero tolerance laws for any THC or metabolites of THC – if you toked within the past week, you could already be an impaired driver.
    • Iowa, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Rhode Island have zero tolerance for THC in the blood – if you toked before bed you might be an impaired driver in the morning.
    • Nevada and Ohio consider you impaired if they detect 2 nanograms (2 billionths of a gram) of THC per milliliter of blood (2ng/ml) and Pennsylvania raises that limit to 5ng/ml.
    • Virginia, Minnesota, and North Carolina have zero tolerance laws for drugs that do not include cannabis or its metabolites.

    Learn what the DUID laws are in your state.

    77 responses to “Gov’t hypes drugged driving threat, calls for zero tolerance DUID laws nationwide”

    1. Wow says:

      This just shows nobody is listening. The US is like a modern victorian era. It’s become a complete police state / surveillance society. The people who will get out of this are the people who have the resources and money to pay for a nice lawyer, and the extra cops that will be hired and funded to enforce these laws.

      Slavery is not a dead industry. It’s hidden under political correctness and fear, and it’s alive and kickin today.

    2. Willie G says:

      Oh great! Make more money off of us any way that you can. I guess US citizens are the ultimate product of ourselves these days. You can keep making money off of us and we will keep paying.

    3. Anonymous says:

      well thats some bullshit

    4. Donny B says:

      Actually, Minnesota’s drugged driving laws exempt cannabis.

      From the NORML website (http://norml.org/index.cfm?Group_ID=6669)

      The law states, “It is a crime for any person to drive, operate, or be in physical control of any motor vehicle … when the person’s body contains any amount of a controlled substance in schedule I or II other than marijuana or tetrahydrocannabinols.” (Minnesota Statutes Annotated Section 169A.20)

      [Russ responds: You’re correct; I had mistakenly included Minnesota in the wrong category. The post and the map have been corrected.]

    5. this is just more scare tactics to scare people about the use of marijuana. the government is getting ridiculous. we have got to continue to flood our government with the true facts and insist that they inform and educate themselves, instead of using the old rhetoric. they need to know that they are not representing their constituents and we are tired of their stupidity and insensitivity and if they don’t that we will invoke our rights as us citizens and rise up against a government that has forgotten that they are there because of the voters and not the lobbyist and special interest groups, which is exactly what has happened, instead of following the will of their constituents who put them in office. i am so enraged when i see stories like the one above which is so biased and not based on the real truth, because the news is suppose to be reported from a neutral and show the true facts and not the opinions of the owners and reporters.

    6. t says:

      frak gil kerlowski hes a pawn they all are. I know that i could drive a car just fine if I smoke a joint, why don’t people think that smoking a cig and driving is bad. The only wreck i ever got into i was trying to light a cig. the people are slaves and programmed to do what big brother says. wake up you. overgrow the government.

    7. Jeff Lucas says:

      The War on Cannabis is a poverty, suffering, destruction and perdition in the lives of millions. From workplace discrimination, to legal assault, to shredding trust and confidence in relationships, these perditions are commonplace in America. Every 37 seconds someone stumbles because of cannabis prohibition; jail time, fines, loss of personal property, loss of ability to travel, loss of loved ones and relationships, loss of business’, loss of jobs, loss of health; the obstacles and stumblingblocks cast to prevent people from consuming cannabis also prevent consumers from living a normal, healthy, and productive life.

      They destroy any hope of living a normal life. They undermine the foundations of our lives with these laws. They would rather we lay down and die, than let us be free and get out of our lives.
      Write your Rep. and ask them to make the DEA move forward with NORML petitions to reschedule cannabis.

    8. Gweedo says:

      Oh god, what fresh hell is this?

      This is the kind of BS that gets the American public FREAKED OUT. New propaganda, another year of persecution.

    9. Kelin Kreider says:

      The report says “drugs” with no mention of the one drug that actually causes most accidents and fatalities. Were these statistics taken from accidents from just “drugs” or drugs and alcohol? Are there accurate statistics on cannabis only dui? I looked online found alcohol AND drugs but for just cannabis- couldn’t find anything
      Sleepy drivers 17% that’s almost 1 in 5. Let alone texting and so many other things that can lead to accidents. Why always the exaggerations and outright lies? Fair and balanced? I think not.

      [Russ responds: This report specifically excluded alcohol.]

    10. Brian says:

      When can we admit that whether we are under a Democrat lead congress, or a Republican lead congress, and whether we have a Democrat president, or a Republican president, the drug war still charges on in full force.


      Time to think outside the box.